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19 Apr 2018, 17:15 HRS IST
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SC says courts are not the place to settle business or political rivalry which has to be fought in markets or electionsThe PILs were without any truth and attempt was made to malign the judiciary: SCSC says it thought of initiating contempt proceedings against petitioners but decided not to go ahead with itSC says during arguments, counsel for petitioners forgot to maintain institutional civility towards judges and made wild allegationsSC criticises attempts by senior advocates and activist lawyers to make insinuations against judges including that of the apex courtSC says frivolous and motivated litigation has been filed to settle political rivalryIt becomes clear that with these petitions real attempt and frontal attack was made on independence of judiciary: SCDocuments placed on record and their scrutiny establishes that Loya's death was due to natural cause: SCThere is no reason to doubt statements of four judges on circumstances leading to the death of Loya: SCSC says attempts were made to scandalise judiciary by levelling serious allegations against judicial officers and judges of Bombay HCSC dismisses pleas to probe alleged mysterious death of CBI judge B H Loya, who was hearing Sohrabuddin Sheikh fake encounter case
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    • Health & Science
  • Autism: Separating myths from reality
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  • Manik Gupta New Delhi, Apr 1(PTI)
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    aibhav (name changed) sits on the sofa, walks to the door and flops back to the couch. The drill continues as he mumbles to himself.

    The mannerisms of Vaibhav (35), who is autistic, are often identified as those of a mentally challenged person and the awareness about the disorder remains limited to (mis)representations in films, experts say.

    As we observe the ninth World Autism Awareness Day tommorrow, the "awareness about autism is nowhere close to what it needs to be". It was only last year that autism was officially recognised as a disability in India.

    "There is improvement in awareness but that is only because earlier we were at zero and now we have made some improvement. But even today we see people misunderstanding and believing in myths related to autism," says Indrani from Action for Autism (AFA), an open door school for autistic children.

    Autism can perhaps be best associated with Dustin Hoffman's portrayal of an autistic individual called Raymond in the famous 1988 film 'Rain Man', but Dr Praveen Gupta of Neurology Fortis advises against confusing cinematic representations of the disorder with real life cases.

    More than often, a learning disability is considered as a quintessential autistic identifier, thanks to popular Bollywood films.

    "Several films have displayed learning disability and that is where the popular public perception stems from.

    "In fact, autism is a disease of social integration and how the mind interacts with the environment. It impacts a child's speech, intelligence and other faculties," says Dr Gupta.

    In medical terms, autism is a complex life long developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life, and early symptoms include repeating the same activity for a long period of time and loss of early acquired language among others.

    But, what aggravates the condition, Dr Gupta says, is the time lost in diagnosis.

    "Lay people do not recognize signs so clearly. Also, for sometime, parents are in denial and believe that the problem with their child will improve with time.

    "So, a lot of time is lost in seeking appropriate attention. Also, individuals professionally qualified to treat autism are smaller in numbers,"

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